Flower-visitor and pollen transport networks in a large city: structure and propertiesReport as inadecuate




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Arthropod-Plant Interactions

, Volume 7, Issue 5, pp 503–516

First Online: 12 September 2013Received: 20 June 2012Accepted: 23 August 2013

Abstract

Plant species and their pollinators are linked by their mutualistic interactions, which form the basis of pollination networks. The use of a network approach allows one to take into account all interactions between a group of plants and its animal pollinators, and to reveal the structure of these connections. We analysed pollination interactions for urban habitat fragments located within the Warsaw city environment. We compared two similar, ruderal communities phytosociological order Onopordetalia acanthii located in distant parts of the city of Warsaw Poland that differed with the surrounding ecosystems. The aim of this study was to define the structures and properties of flower-visitor visitation and pollen transport networks based on analysis of pollen loads carried by insects and to assess the differences between the studied sites. Although the sites differed in insect relative abundance Diptera dominated one study site, whereas Hymenoptera dominated the other, network size and structure were similar for both communities. In both cases, networks contained moderately specialized species based on H2′ index; however, networks were dominated by apparently ecologically generalized insect taxa as well as those represented by a single specimen. Networks based on pollen transport indicated greater generality of insect species more links than those based on our samples of visitation. The most highly linked plant species represented were either the most abundant Fabaceae or phenotypically generalized taxa Daucus carota. We conclude that plant–pollinator interactions in such highly disturbed and isolated habitats are composed mostly of ecologically generalised species. Moreover, we stress the usefulness of pollen load analysis in the development and verification of visitation data.

KeywordsFlowering plants Food web Insects Modularity Mutualism Pollen loads Pollination Warsaw Handling Editor: Neal Williams.

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Author: Krystyna Jędrzejewska-Szmek - Marcin Zych

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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