Hypertension and prehypertension among adolescents in secondary schools in Enugu, South East NigeriaReport as inadecuate




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Italian Journal of Pediatrics

, 39:70

First Online: 02 November 2013Received: 23 August 2013Accepted: 25 October 2013

Abstract

BackgroundHypertension is a prevalent cardiovascular disease risk factor among blacks and adolescent hypertension can progress into adulthood.

ObjectiveTo determine the prevalence of hypertension and prehypertension among secondary school adolescents in Enugu South East Nigeria.

MethodologyA study of 2694 adolescents aged 10-18 years in Enugu metropolis was carried out. Socio-demographic profile anthropometric and blood pressure readings were obtained. Derived measurements such as Prehypertension, hypertension and BMI were obtained.

ResultsThe results showed that the mean systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure for males were 106.66+ 11.80 mmHg and 70.25 + 7.34 mmHg respectively. The mean SBP and DBP for females were 109.83+ 11.66 mmHg and 72.23 + 8.26 mmHg respectively p < 0.01. Blood pressure was found to increase with age. Prevalence of hypertension and prehypertension was 5.4% and 17.3% respectively with a higher rate in females 6.9% than males 3.8%. Prevalence of prehypertension among males and females were 14.3% and 20.1% respectively. The prevalence of obesity was 1.9%.

ConclusionModifiable risk factors exist among adolescents. Early lifestyle modification and a strengthened school health are recommended.

KeywordsAdolescent Hypertension Prehypertension Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1824-7288-39-70 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Fortune A Ujunwa - Anthony N Ikefuna - Ada RC Nwokocha - Josephat M Chinawa

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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