Osteoclasts on Bone and Dentin In Vitro: Mechanism of Trail Formation and Comparison of Resorption BehaviorReport as inadecuate

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Calcified Tissue International

, Volume 93, Issue 6, pp 526–539

First Online: 11 September 2013Received: 29 November 2012Accepted: 20 August 2013


The main function of osteoclasts in vivo is the resorption of bone matrix, leaving behind typical resorption traces consisting of pits and trails. The mechanism of pit formation is well described, but less is known about trail formation. Pit-forming osteoclasts possess round actin rings. In this study we show that trail-forming osteoclasts have crescent-shaped actin rings and provide a model that describes the detailed mechanism. To generate a trail, the actin ring of the resorption organelle attaches with one side outside the existing trail margin. The other side of the ring attaches to the wall inside the trail, thus sealing that narrow part to be resorbed next 3–21 μm. This 3D configuration allows vertical resorption layer-by-layer from the surface to a depth in combination with horizontal cell movement. Thus, trails are not just traces of a horizontal translation of osteoclasts during resorption. Additionally, we compared osteoclastic resorption on bone and dentin since the latter is the most frequently used in vitro model and data are extrapolated to bone. Histomorphometric analyses revealed a material-dependent effect reflected by an 11-fold higher resorption area and a sevenfold higher number of pits per square centimeter on dentin compared to bone. An important material-independent aspect was reflected by comparable mean pit area μm and podosome patterns. Hence, dentin promotes the generation of resorbing osteoclasts, but once resorption has started, it proceeds independently of material properties. Thus, dentin is a suitable model substrate for data acquisition as long as osteoclast generation is not part of the analyses.

KeywordsOsteoclast Bone Dentin Resorption model Trail formation The authors have stated that they have no conflict of interest.

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Author: M. Rumpler - T. Würger - P. Roschger - E. Zwettler - I. Sturmlechner - P. Altmann - P. Fratzl - M. J. Rogers - K. Klaus

Source: https://link.springer.com/

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