Evaluation of mechanical properties of three different screws for rapid maxillary expansionReport as inadecuate




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BioMedical Engineering OnLine

, 12:128

First Online: 11 December 2013Received: 05 September 2013Accepted: 03 December 2013

Abstract

BackgroundThe aim of this in vitro study was the evaluation of the mechanical properties the screws for rapid maxillary expansion RME.

MethodsThree commercially available screws for RME were tested: Leone A2620; Dentaurum Hyrax; Forestadent Palatal Split Screw. All expansion screws were 10 mm in size. For the evaluation of mechanical properties, the screws for RME were adjusted using the same maxillary dental model. An Instron 3365 testing machine with a load cell of 5 kN recorded the forces released by the screws at different amounts of activation 1, 5, 10, 15 and 20 quarters of a turn. Each type of screw was tested 10 times. Comparisons between the forces released by the different types of screws at different amounts of activation were carried out by means of analysis of Kruskal-Wallis test with post-hoc test di Tukey P < 0.05.

ResultsThe results of this study showed that all 3 expansion devices were able to develop forces that could produce a separation of the palatine processes. The Hyrax and A2620 expanders developed force values over 20 kg and the Palatal Split screws about 16 kg. Both the A2620 and Hyrax expanders showed significantly greater amounts of forces at all the different amounts of activations with respect to the Palatal Split screw.

ConclusionsAll tested devices showed the capability of developing expansion forces 16-20 kg adequate for RME. The A2620 and Hyrax expanders showed a greater level of rigidity than the Palatal Split screw.

KeywordsRapid maxillary expansion Mechanical properties in-vitro study Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1475-925X-12-128 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Matteo Camporesi - Lorenzo Franchi - Tiziana Doldo - Efisio Defraia

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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