Robust badlands thalwegs network extraction from DTM for topological characterisationReport as inadecuate




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1 LGP - Laboratoire de géographie physique 2 UMR TETIS - Territoires, Environnement, Télédétection et Information Spatiale

Abstract : This paper presents methods to extract badlands thalwegs network from regular grid DTM by combining a terrain morphology indices to a drainage algorithm. The computation of a continuous vector network will permit the study of the badlands spatial patterns. Thess methods aim at delineating a thalweg only where the DTM denotes a significant curvature with respect to DTM accuracy. It relies on three major steps. Firstly, discontinuous concave areas are detected from the DTM using morphological criteria; the plan curvature and the convergence index . Secondly, the concave convergence areas are connected using a drainage algorithm which provides continuous and tree-structured thick scheme. We assume that these areas present physical significance and corresponds to a gully floor area. Finally, the thick path is reduced to its main curve and vectorised to obtain a thalwegs network. The methods are applied on both virtual and actual cases DTM. The actual case is a LiDAR DTM of Draix Badlands French Alps. The obtained networks are quantitatively compared both to the one obtained with usual drainage area criteria and to a reference network. The networks comparison shows the great potential of the converge index based method for thalweg network extraction.

Mots-clés : MODELE NUMERIQUE DE TERRAIN RAVINEMENT EROSION MORPHOLOGIE TRES HAUTE RESOLUTION SPATIALE EXTRACTION BADLANDS RAVINE RESEAU TALWEG LIDAR DTM THALWEG NETWORK





Author: N. Thommeret - Jean-Stéphane Bailly - C. Puech -

Source: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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