Popcorn is more satiating than potato chips in normal-weight adultsReport as inadecuate




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Nutrition Journal

, 11:71

First Online: 14 September 2012Received: 09 April 2012Accepted: 05 September 2012

Abstract

BackgroundStrategies that may increase compliance to reduced energy intakes are needed to reduce the health burden of obesity. Conflicting evidence exists regarding the effects of snacking on satiety and energy intake.

MethodsThis study compared short-term satiety from two common snack foods, low fat popcorn or potato chips. Using a counterbalanced within-subject design, 35 normal weight non-smoking participants 17 men, 18 women ages 20–50 years mean age 33 ± 11, BMI 23 ± 2 kg-m consumed four conditions each: 200 mL of water control, one cup 4 g, 15 kcal popcorn, 6 cups 27 g, 100 kcal popcorn, and one cup 28 g, 150 kcal potato chips, each with 200 mL water. Participants rated their hunger, satisfaction, prospective consumption, and thirst on 100 mm visual analogue scales 30 minutes after commencement of snack consumption. In addition, post-snack energy intake from an ad libitum meal amount served less amount remaining was measured, and the test food and meal combined energy intake and energy compensation were calculated.

ResultsParticipants expressed less hunger, more satisfaction, and lower estimates of prospective food consumption after six cups of popcorn compared to all other treatments P < 0.05. Energy compensation was 220% ± 967%, 76% ± 143% and 42% ± 75% after one cup popcorn, six cups popcorn and one cup potato chips, respectively. Combined energy intake was significantly greater P < 0.01 during the potato chips condition 803 ± 277 kcal compared to control 716 ± 279 kcal or popcorn conditions 698 ± 286 kcal for one cup and 739 ± 294 kcal for six cups. Combined energy intakes from both popcorn conditions were not significantly different than control p > 0.05.

ConclusionPopcorn exerted a stronger effect on short-term satiety than did potato chips as measured by subjective ratings and energy intake at a subsequent meal. This, combined with its relatively low calorie load, suggests that whole grain popcorn is a prudent choice for those wanting to reduce feelings of hunger while managing energy intake and ultimately, body weight.

KeywordsPopcorn Satiety Hunger Fullness Snack Energy intake Energy compensation Weight management  Download fulltext PDF



Author: Von Nguyen - Lisa Cooper - Joshua Lowndes - Kathleen Melanson - Theodore J Angelopoulos - James M Rippe - Kristin Reimers

Source: https://link.springer.com/



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