Overview of main challenges for EarlyWarning Systems for Food Security inWest AfricaReport as inadecuate

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1 Institute of Biometeorology − 2 BEPC - Biologie du développement des espèces pérennes cultivées 3 DMN - Direction de le météorologie 4 CRA - Centre Régional AGRHYMET 5 DMN - Direction de la météorologie 6 ANAMS - Agence Nationale de la météorologie du Sénégal 7 CRC - Centre de Recherches de Climatologie

Abstract : In West Africa Early Warning Systems EWSs for food security have been widely recognized to have contributed in the last twenty years to better face famine emergencies. The improved understanding of the environmental and socio-economic dynamics of the region, a change in the causes for food insecurity and the evolution of Information and Communication Technologies ICT have favored the introduction of new approaches and the involvement of a network of stakeholders. In recent years the improvement of EWS has been concentrated in the adaptation and the transfer of existing tools rather than the development of the overall design of EWS in function of users needs, at the same time key scientific areas to be improved to provide major operational advancements needs to be better identified. This partially due to a difficulty of the research community to be in direct connection with operational processes and on the other side by an evident limit in following a demand driven approach due to the difficulties in modelling bio and social phenomena in a unique environment. In this context AMMA project had the ambitious objective of bridging the gap between state of the art research in the domains of geo-science and human related disciplines, and the operational EWS. The work carried out in AMMA, while improving the understanding of monsoon system, allowed to better orient research challenges in order to provide EWS with improved products effectively meeting the needs of end-users at different levels. In this work, advancements in providing appropriate information for the identification of agricultural risk zones by using short to long time forecasts are illustrated highlighting critical aspects still demanding scientific improvements.

Author: L. Genesio - M. Bacci - C. Baron - B. Diarra - A. Di Vecchia - S. Traoré - I. Hassane - M. Ndiaye - Nathalie Philippon - V. Tarc

Source: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/


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