Impact of childhood trauma on functionality and quality of life in HIV-infected womenReport as inadecuate




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Health and Quality of Life Outcomes

, 9:84

First Online: 30 September 2011Received: 08 July 2011Accepted: 30 September 2011

Abstract

BackgroundWhile there are many published studies on HIV and functional limitations, there are few in the context of early abuse and its impact on functionality and Quality of Life QoL in HIV.

MethodsThe present study focused on HIV in the context of childhood trauma and its impact on functionality and Quality of Life QoL by evaluating 85 HIV-positive 48 with childhood trauma and 37 without and 52 HIV-negative 21 with childhood trauma and 31 without South African women infected with Clade C HIV. QoL was assessed using the Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire Q-LES-Q, the Patient-s Assessment of Own Functioning Inventory PAOFI, the Activities of Daily Living ADL scale and the Sheehan Disability Scale SDS. Furthermore, participants were assessed using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale CES-D and the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire CTQ.

ResultsSubjects had a mean age of 30.1 years. After controlling for age, level of education and CES-D scores, analysis of covariance ANCOVA demonstrated significant individual effects of HIV status and childhood trauma on self-reported QoL. No significant interactional effects were evident. Functional limitation was, however, negatively correlated with CD4 lymphocyte count.

ConclusionsIn assessing QoL in HIV-infected women, we were able to demonstrate the impact of childhood trauma on functional limitations in HIV.

KeywordsHIV Quality of Life Childhood trauma Functionality  Download fulltext PDF



Author: Zyrhea CE Troeman - Georgina Spies - Mariana Cherner - Sarah L Archibald - Christine Fennema-Notestine - Rebecca J Theilm

Source: https://link.springer.com/



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