The characteristics of automobile catalyst-derived platinum group elements in road dusts and roadside soils: a case study in the Pearl River Delta region, South ChinaReport as inadecuate




The characteristics of automobile catalyst-derived platinum group elements in road dusts and roadside soils: a case study in the Pearl River Delta region, South China - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 64, Issue 6, pp 1683–1692

First Online: 13 July 2010Received: 05 October 2009Accepted: 21 June 2010

Abstract

The emission of platinum group elements PGE from automobile catalytic converters has led to enrichment of PGE in road dusts and roadside soils in urban areas that are well above the natural background levels. This paper evaluates the source of contamination of all the PGE and Au in road dusts and roadside soils in the Pearl River Delta region, including three major cities, Shenzhen, Guangzhou and Hong Kong, South China. Samples were digested using Carius tube and analyzed by isotope dilution ICP-MS; Os was separated by distillation and other PGE by Te-coprecipitation. All samples have elevated PGE concentrations above the background values of uncontaminated soils and contain higher Pt, Pd and Rh than other PGE. The maximum values are 181 ng-g Pt, 514 ng-g Pd, 53 ng-g Rh and 1345 ng-g Au. There are clear positive correlations between Pt and Pd, Pt and Rh, and Pd and Rh, indicating that the main emitted of PGE from automobile catalyst are Pt, Pd and Rh. High concentrations of Au were also found in road dust samples from Hong Kong and Shenzhen. Dust samples with higher Os contents have lower Os-Os ratios. Samples from Hong Kong show relatively high Pt-Rh ratios. Positive correlations between Pt and Ru, and Pt and Ir were found in Shenzhen and Hong Kong, but only positive correlations between Pt and Ir were found in Guangzhou. These different characteristics reflect different automobile catalytic systems used in Hong Kong and mainland China.

KeywordsAutomobile catalyst PGE Road dust Roadside soil South China  Download fulltext PDF



Author: Liang Qi - Mei-Fu Zhou - Zheng Zhao - Jing Hu - Yan Huang

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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