The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta 294T > C polymorphism and alcohol consumption on serum lipid levelsReport as inadecuate




The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta 294T > C polymorphism and alcohol consumption on serum lipid levels - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Lipids in Health and Disease

, 10:242

First Online: 23 December 2011Received: 16 November 2011Accepted: 23 December 2011

Abstract

BackgroundThe single nucleotide polymorphism SNP of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta PPARD gene affects serum lipid profiles, but to what extent alcohol consumption interferes with this association remains unknown. The present study was undertaken to compare the association of PPARD +294T > C rs2016520 polymorphism and serum lipid levels in the nondrinkers and drinkers.

MethodsA total of 685 unrelated nondrinkers and 497 drinkers aged 15-82 were randomly selected from our previous stratified randomized cluster samples. Genotyping of the PPARD +294T > C was performed by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism. Interactions of the PPARD +294T > C genotypes and alcohol consumption on serum lipid levels were detected by using a factorial regression analysis after controlling for potential confounders.

ResultsThe levels of triglyceride TG, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol HDL-C, apolipoprotein Apo A1, and the ratio of ApoA1 to ApoB were higher in drinkers than in nondrinkers P < 0.05-0.001. There were no significant differences in the levels of total cholesterol TC, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol LDL-C and ApoB between the two groups P > 0.05 for all. The frequencies of TT, TC and CC genotypes were 56.0%, 36.4% and 7.6% in nondrinkers, and 57.2%, 38.0% and 4.8% in drinkers P > 0.05; respectively. The frequencies of T and C alleles were 74.2% and 25.8% in nondrinkers, and 76.2% and 23.8% in drinkers P > 0.05; respectively. There was also no significant difference in the genotypic and allelic frequencies between males and females in both groups P > 0.05 for all. The levels of TC in nondrinkers were different among the three genotypes P = 0.01, the C allele carriers had higher serum TC levels than the C allele noncarriers. The levels of all seven lipid traits in drinkers were not different among the three genotypes P > 0.05 for all. The interactions of PPARD +294T > C genotypes and alcohol consumption on serum lipid levels were not detected in the drinkers P > 0.05 for all. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that serum TC, HDL-C, LDL-C, ApoA1, and ApoB levels were correlated with genotypes in drinkers but not in nondrinkers P < 0.05-0.01.

ConclusionsThese results suggest that the great majority of our study populations are beneficial from alcohol consumption. But there is no interaction between the PPARD +294T > C genotypes and alcohol consumption on serum lipid levels in the drinkers.

Download fulltext PDF



Author: Xian-Liang Wei - Rui-Xing Yin - Lin Miao - Dong-Feng Wu

Source: https://link.springer.com/







Related documents