Accelerometer profiles of physical activity and inactivity in normal weight, overweight, and obese U.S. men and womenReport as inadecuate




Accelerometer profiles of physical activity and inactivity in normal weight, overweight, and obese U.S. men and women - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

, 7:60

First Online: 03 August 2010Received: 07 December 2009Accepted: 03 August 2010

Abstract

BackgroundThe 2005-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey NHANES is used to describe an accelerometer-derived physical activity-inactivity profile in normal weight BMI < 25 kg-m, overweight 25 ≤ BMI < 30 kg-m, and obese BMI ≥ 30 kg-m U.S. adults.

MethodsWe computed physical activity volume indicators activity counts-day, uncensored and censored steps-day, rate indicators e.g., steps-minute, time indicators employing NHANES activity counts-minute cut points to infer time in non-wear, sedentary, low, light, moderate, and vigorous intensities, the number of breaks in sedentary time occasions when activity counts rose from < 100 activity-counts in one minute to ≥ 100 activity counts in the subsequent minute, achievement of public health guidelines, and classification by step-defined physical activity levels. Data were examined for evidence of consistent and significant gradients across BMI-defined categories.

ResultsIn 2005-2006, U.S adults averaged 6,564 ± SE 107 censored steps-day, and after considering non-wear time, they spent approximately 56.8% of the rest of the waking day in sedentary time, 23.7% in low intensity, 16.7% in light intensity, 2.6% in moderate intensity, and 0.2% in vigorous intensity. Overall, approximately 3.2% of U.S. adults achieved public health guidelines. The normal weight category took 7,190 ± SE 157 steps-day, and spent 25.7 ± 0.9 minutes-day in moderate intensity and 7.3 ± 0.4 minutes-day in vigorous intensity physical activity. The corresponding numbers for the overweight category were 6,879 ± 140 steps-day, 25.3 ± 0.9 minutes-day, and 5.3 ± 0.5 minutes-day and for the obese category 5,784 ± 124 steps-day, 17.3 ± 0.7 minutes-day and 3.2 ± 0.4 minutes-day. Across BMI categories, increasing gradients and significant trends were apparent in males for sedentary time and decreasing gradients and significant trends were evident in time spent in light intensity, moderate intensity, and vigorous intensity. For females, there were only consistent gradients and significant trends apparent for decreasing amounts of time spent in moderate and vigorous intensity.

ConclusionsSimple indicators of physical activity volume i.e., steps-day and time in light, moderate or vigorous intensity physical activity differ across BMI categories for both sexes, suggesting that these should continue to be targets for surveillance.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1479-5868-7-60 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Catrine Tudor-Locke, Meghan M Brashear, William D Johnson and Peter T Katzmarzyk contributed equally to this work.

Download fulltext PDF



Author: Catrine Tudor-Locke - Meghan M Brashear - William D Johnson - Peter T Katzmarzyk

Source: https://link.springer.com/







Related documents